Machupicchu Adventure


Tambopata National Reserve (Spanish: Reserva Nacional Tambopata) is a Peruvian nature reserve located in the southeastern region of Madre de Dios. It was established on September 4, 2000, by decree of President Alberto Fujimori.[1] The reserve protects several ecosystems of the tropical rainforest for the preservation of such forest and the sustainable use of forest resources by the peoples around the reserve.

Geography
Tambopata National Reserve is located south of the Madre de Dios river, in the province of Tambopata, region of Madre de Dios. It reaches the border with Bolivia to the east and borders with Bahuaja Sonene National Park to the south.

The area consists of forested hills and plains, with elevations ranging from 200 to 400 m above sea level. The area presents swamps, oxbow lakes and meandering rivers; the main rivers in the reserve being the Tambopata, Malinowski and Heath rivers.

Climate
The annual mean temperature in the area is 26 °C, with a range between 10° and 38 °C. The lower temperatures are caused by cold winds of antarctic origin; these cold waves occur in June and July. The rainy season occurs between December and March.

Flora
Vascular plants are represented in the reserve by 1713 species in 145 families. Among the species found in this protected area are: Virola surinamensis, Cedrela odorata, Oncidium spp., Bertholletia excelsa, Geonoma deversa, Epidendrum coronatum, Iriartea deltoidea, Celtis schippii, Spondias mombin, Mauritia flexuosa, Cedrelinga cateniformis, Hymenaea courbaril, Ficus trigonata, Croton draconoides, Inga spp., Attalea tessmannii, Calycophyllum spruceanum, Swietenia macrophylla, Couroupita guianensis, Socratea exorrhiza, Hura crepitans, Manilkara bidentata, Hevea guianensis, Guadua weberbaueri, Ceiba pentandra, etc.

Fauna
Among the mammal species found in the reserve are: the jaguar, the puma, the ocelot, the collared peccary, the giant otter, the Peruvian spider monkey, the jaguarundi, Hoffmann's two-toed sloth, the capybara, the tufted capuchin, the white-lipped peccary, the marsh deer, the red brocket, the brown-throated sloth, the black-capped squirrel monkey, the South American tapir, etc.

Some of the species of fish present in the reserve are: Prochilodus nigricans, Potamorhina latior, Brachyplatystoma flavicans, Piaractus brachypomus, Brycon spp., Schizodon fasciatus, etc.

Some species of birds present in the reserve are: the harpy eagle, the white-necked jacobin, the scarlet macaw, the rufescent tiger heron, the king vulture, the roseate spoonbill, the crested eagle, the razor-billed curassow, the blue-and-yellow macaw, the variegated tinamou, the sunbittern, the red-and-green macaw, the horned curassow, the golden-tailed sapphire, etc.


Tambopata National Reserve - Adventure - Jungle Trips

The Tambopata National Reserve, located in the Amazon region of southeastern Peru, is one of the most biodiverse and fascinating destinations for tourists interested in nature and wildlife. Here are some things that tourists can see and visit in the Tambopata Reserve:

1) Exuberant Fauna in the Amazon: The reserve is home to an incredible diversity of animal species, including jaguars, tapirs, monkeys, macaw clay licks, and a variety of reptiles, amphibians, and insects. Tourists can take guided tours to observe this rich fauna in its natural habitat in the jungle.

2) Bird Watching in the Jungle: Tambopata is a paradise for bird watchers, with more than 600 species recorded, including toucans, parrots, eagles, and many more. There are strategically located observation towers and specialized guides who help identify and understand the behavior of birds in the Tambopata Amazon.

3) Canoe Trips on the Jungle Rivers: The Tambopata and Madre de Dios rivers offer the opportunity to explore the jungle from a unique perspective. Tourists can take canoe trips, admiring the lush vegetation and looking for wildlife along the banks.

4) Visits to Animal Licks in Tambopata: Licks, or clay pools, are places where animals come to consume minerals necessary for their diet. Some licks are famous for the congregation of parrots and macaws, allowing visitors to observe hundreds of brightly colored birds in the Tambopata Amazon.

5) Research and Conservation Camps in the Jungle: Some areas of the reserve are dedicated to scientific research and species conservation. Tourists can travel and visit centers where study and conservation projects of Amazonian flora and fauna are carried out in their explorations in the Tambopata reserve.

6) Sustainable Accommodations in Tambopata: Many lodges and eco-lodges in the reserve offer sustainable accommodations and guided activities that respect the natural environment of the jungle. These places not only provide comfort to visitors, but also educate about the importance of conserving the Amazon and conserving nature.

7) Interpretive Walks with Adventure in Tambopata: Guided by local experts, traveling tourists can participate in walks along interpretive trails that explore different ecosystems, learning about the interaction between plants, animals and the environment for their conservation of the Amazon in Peru.

8) Night in the Peruvian Jungle: Some tours to Tambopata offer the experience of spending a night in the jungle, allowing visitors to experience the sounds and mysteries of the Amazonian nightlife, with the possibility of sighting nocturnal species such as nocturnal alligators and snakes in Tambopata.

Traveling to the Tambopata National Reserve not only offers a memorable experience for nature lovers, but also promotes the conservation of one of the most important and diverse ecosystems in the world in caring for the Amazon.

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